Back to Course

Everything IELTS Academic - A Comprehensive Guide to IELTS Academic

0% Complete
0/0 Steps
  1. Paraphrasing Technique

    Paraphrasing Technique - Two Methods to Paraphrase a Sentence
    1 Quiz
  2. Reading
    Part 1: Everything IELTS Academic Reading
    3 Topics
  3. Part 2: Text Types in IELTS Academic Reading
    3 Topics
  4. Part 2: Questions Forms and Reading Rules
    2 Topics
  5. Part 4: Types of questions and Strategies
    9 Topics
  6. Part 5: Common Mistakes
    2 Topics
  7. Part 6: IELTS Academic Reading Practice Tests
  8. Listening
    Part 1: Everything IELTS Listening
    4 Topics
    1 Quiz
  9. Part 2: Detailing Questions
    3 Topics
    5 Quizzes
  10. Part 3: Summary Questions
    4 Topics
    4 Quizzes
  11. Part 4: Common Mistakes
    4 Topics
  12. Part 5: IELTS Listening Practice Tests
    10 Quizzes
  13. Writing
    Part 1: IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 - Reports
    15 Topics
  14. Part 2: IELTS Writing Task 2 - Essay
    16 Topics
    18 Quizzes
  15. Part 3: Two-task Practice Tests
    6 Quizzes
  16. Speaking
    Part 1: Introduction to IELTS Speaking
    3 Topics
  17. Part 2: A good IELTS Speaking Performance
    2 Topics
  18. Part 3: Common Mistakes in IELTS Speaking
  19. Part 4: IELTS Speaking Practice Tests
    7 Quizzes
Lesson Progress
0% Complete

In IELTS Academic Writing Task 1, it is common for you to get a chart/graph with details on it. No matter what form the chart is in, there are only 2 approaches: A trend chart report and a comparison chart report. Failure to identify correctly the type of chart will result in a massive reduction in your Task Achievement and Coherence and Cohesion scores.

Understanding the Trend Chart


  • Focus: Illustrates the changes of one or more than one category over time.
  • Representation: Typically presented in the form of a line graph, showing the rise, fall, or stability of a trend. However, it sometimes comes in the form of a bar graph.
  • Common Elements: Time is often represented on the x-axis, and the value is on the y-axis.
An example of a Trend Chart – Line Graph.
An example of a Trend Chart – Bar Graph

Strategies for Analysis

  1. Identify Time Periods: Note the time intervals (days, months, years) represented on the x-axis.
  2. Highlight Peaks and Troughs: Identify high points (peaks) and low points (troughs) to understand the overall trend.
  3. Describe the Overall Trend: Mention whether the variable is increasing, decreasing, or remaining stable over time.
  4. Note Any Anomalies: Identify any unusual fluctuations or sudden changes in the trend.

Cracking the Code of Comparison Charts


  • Focus: Highlights the similarities and differences between two or more categories.
  • Representation: Often presented as bar graphs, pie charts, or tables, with categories for comparison.
  • Common Elements: Each category is represented separately, and the emphasis is on comparing values across categories.
An example of a Comparison Chart – Bar Graph

Strategies for Analysis

  1. Identify Categories: Understand the groups or items being compared, often represented on the x-axis.
  2. Compare Values: Analyze the lengths of bars, proportions in pie charts, or numerical values in tables to compare the variables.
  3. Highlight Disparities: Point out significant differences or similarities between categories.
  4. Provide a Balanced Overview: Offer a brief summary of the main comparisons before delving into specific details.

Recognizing the Difference

Key Distinctions

  • Trend Chart: Focuses on the changes of a category over time. The chart may include multiple categories.
  • Comparison Chart: Emphasizes the similarities and differences between two or more categories within a specific time frame. Most tables and pie charts are comparison charts.

Strategies for Task Response

  • Trend Chart: Emphasize the temporal changes and patterns observed over the given time periods.
  • Comparison Chart: Highlight the variations and contrasts between different categories or groups.