[IELTS Vocabulary] Travel and tourism

ielts vocabulary topic travel and tourism

This vocabulary list is for reference only. Your Lexical Resource scores are calculated based on the overall level of vocabulary used in your writing and speaking answers. To improve your Lexical Resource scores, it is necessary that you improve your overall level of vocabulary.

However, skillfully incorporating these words in your writing and speaking answers together with a good vocabulary level will increase the chance of enhanced Lexical Recourse scores.

Vocabulary list

1. Cultural Exchange through Tourism

Word/PhraseTypeMeaningExample
Cultural immersionNoun phraseDeep involvement in the customs and lifestyle of a foreign cultureCultural immersion allows tourists to gain a deeper understanding of local traditions.
Heritage sitesNoun phrasePlaces with historical, cultural, or natural significanceVisiting heritage sites is an integral part of cultural tourism.
Local cuisineNoun phraseTraditional food of a particular regionSampling local cuisine is a highlight of cultural exchange.
SightseeingNoun/VerbVisiting places of interestTourists enjoy sightseeing to explore the cultural richness of a destination.
Language barriersNoun phraseChallenges in communication due to different languagesOvercoming language barriers enhances cultural exchange experiences.
Guided toursNoun phraseOrganized tours led by knowledgeable guidesGuided tours provide valuable insights into local culture and history.
FolkloreNounTraditional beliefs, stories, and customsFolklore plays a significant role in preserving cultural heritage.
HandicraftsNounHandmade products reflecting local culturePurchasing handicrafts supports local artisans and promotes cultural exchange.
Cultural festivalsNoun phraseCelebrations showcasing local traditionsCultural festivals offer tourists a glimpse into the community’s cultural identity.
HomestaysNounAccommodation provided by local residentsHomestays provide authentic cultural experiences for travelers.
Cultural sensitivityNoun phraseAwareness and respect for cultural differencesCultural sensitivity enhances interactions during cultural exchange.
Interactions with localsNoun phraseEngagement with residents of a destinationMeaningful interactions with locals enrich the cultural exchange experience.
Cultural appreciationNoun phraseRecognition and respect for diverse culturesCultural appreciation fosters understanding and acceptance among travelers.
Traditional ceremoniesNoun phraseRituals and practices passed down through generationsWitnessing traditional ceremonies offers insight into local customs and beliefs.
Historical landmarksNoun phraseSites of significant historical importanceExploring historical landmarks provides insights into a destination’s past.
Cultural assimilationNoun phraseAdoption of cultural practices and normsCultural assimilation occurs through exposure to different cultures during travel.

2. Ecotourism and Its Benefits

Word/PhraseTypeMeaningExample
Conservation effortsNoun phraseActions aimed at preserving natural resourcesEcotourism supports conservation efforts in fragile ecosystems.
Environmental impactNoun phraseEffects of human activity on the environmentResponsible ecotourism minimizes environmental impact.
Sustainable tourismNoun phraseTourism that conserves natural environments, supports local communities and minimizes negative impactsSustainable tourism promotes environmental and cultural conservation.
Wildlife conservationNoun phraseProtection of wildlife and their habitatsEcotourism contributes to wildlife conservation efforts.
Nature reservesNoun phraseProtected areas for preserving natural habitatsNature reserves provide sanctuary for diverse plant and animal species.
Responsible travelNoun phraseMindful and ethical travel practicesResponsible travel minimizes negative impacts on local environments and cultures.
Carbon footprint reductionNoun phraseEfforts to decrease carbon emissionsEcotourism initiatives focus on carbon footprint reduction.
Eco-friendly accommodationsNoun phraseLodging options with minimal environmental impactEco-friendly accommodations prioritize sustainability and conservation.
Conservation awarenessNoun phraseKnowledge and understanding of conservation issuesEcotourism fosters conservation awareness among travelers.
Sustainable practicesNoun phraseActions that support ecological and social sustainabilityAdopting sustainable practices is key to promoting ecotourism.

3. The Impact of Tourism on Local Communities

Word/PhraseTypeMeaningExample
Economic opportunitiesNoun phrasePossibilities for financial gain or advancementTourism can create economic opportunities for local communities.
Cultural preservationNoun phraseProtection of cultural heritage and traditionsTourism initiatives should prioritize cultural preservation.
Infrastructure developmentNoun phraseConstruction of facilities and services to support tourismProper infrastructure development can enhance the tourist experience.
Socioeconomic impactNoun phraseEffects of tourism on the social and economic aspects of a communityTourism can have both positive and negative socioeconomic impacts on local communities.
Community empowermentNoun phraseStrengthening of community resources and capacityTourism can empower local communities to take charge of their development.
Tourism revenueNoun phraseIncome generated from tourist activitiesTourism revenue contributes to the economic growth of local communities.
Employment opportunitiesNoun phraseJobs created as a result of tourism activitiesTourism provides employment opportunities for locals in various sectors.
Sustainable developmentNoun phraseDevelopment that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needsSustainable development ensures the long-term well-being of local communities.
Community engagementNoun phraseInvolvement and participation of community membersCommunity engagement is essential for sustainable tourism development.
Cultural exchange programsNoun phraseInitiatives promoting cross-cultural interactionCultural exchange programs enrich the tourist experience and foster mutual understanding.
Tourism infrastructureNoun phraseFacilities and amenities supporting tourismInvestments in tourism infrastructure enhance the attractiveness of destinations.
Community-based tourismNoun phraseTourism initiatives managed and operated by local communitiesCommunity-based tourism empowers locals to showcase their culture and heritage.
Social cohesionNoun phraseSense of unity and belonging within a communityTourism can foster social cohesion by bringing people together.
Environmental degradationNoun phraseDecline in the quality of the environment due to human activitiesUncontrolled tourism can lead to environmental degradation in sensitive ecosystems.
Overtourism managementNoun phraseStrategies to address negative impacts of excessive tourismOvertourism management ensures sustainable tourism practices in popular destinations.

Idioms for Speaking

These are idioms and phrases that use topic-related figures of speech. They can also be used in different contexts.

IdiomDefinitionExample
A stone’s throw awayA very short distance; nearby.“Our hotel was just a stone’s throw away from the beach, making it convenient for us to go swimming.”
Catch the travel bugTo develop a strong desire to travel and explore new places.“After her first trip abroad, she caught the travel bug and now plans to visit different countries.”
Off-the-beaten-pathA location or route that is not well-known or frequently traveled.“We prefer to explore off the beaten path destinations to experience unique cultures.”
Pack one’s bagsTo prepare for a trip by putting belongings into luggage.“We’re excited to pack our bags and head to the mountains for a weekend getaway.”
Hit the roadTo begin a journey or set out on a trip, especially by car.“After breakfast, we hit the road to start our cross-country road trip.”
On the horizonLikely to happen soon or be encountered in the future.“With summer approaching, a beach vacation is on the horizon for many travelers.”
Passport to adventureThe means to embark on exciting and diverse experiences.“A passport is not just a document; it’s a passport to adventure and exploration.”
Put oneself on the mapTo become well-known or gain recognition, especially in a particular area.“By showcasing local art, the gallery aims to put the town on the map as an artistic hub.”
Road less traveledA less common or conventional path or route.“Taking the road less traveled often leads to discovering hidden gems and unique experiences.”
Take a rain checkTo decline an invitation or offer with the intention of accepting it later.“Some celebrities lead a jet-set lifestyle, hopping between cities for work and leisure.”
Travel on a shoestringTo travel with a very limited budget.“During their gap year, they decided to travel on a shoestring and explore budget-friendly destinations.”
Up in the airUncertain or undecided; plans that have not been finalized.“Our vacation plans are still up in the air; we haven’t decided on the destination yet.”
Go the extra mileTo make a special effort or go above and beyond what is required.“The hotel staff always goes the extra mile to ensure guests have a memorable stay.”
Get away from it allTo take a break from one’s routine and escape from stress or problems.“We booked a secluded cabin in the mountains to get away from it all and enjoy some tranquility.”
Jet-set lifestyleA glamorous and luxurious lifestyle involving frequent travel.“Some celebrities lead a jet set lifestyle, hopping between cities for work and leisure.”
Mile a minuteExtremely fast or quickly changing.“The pace of the city was mile a minute, and we had to adapt quickly to keep up.”
Off the mapA location that is not well-known or recognized.“The small village was off the map for most tourists, providing a peaceful and authentic experience.”
Set sailTo begin a journey, especially by boat.“As the sun set, we set sail on a cruise along the coastline.”
Take the scenic routeTo choose a path that offers beautiful views and interesting sights.“Rather than taking the highway, we decided to take the scenic route through the mountains.”
See the sightsTo visit and explore tourist attractions.“When visiting a new city, it’s important to take the time to see the sights and experience the culture.”

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Huyen Nguyen
Huyen Nguyen

Founder of Practice9, creator of IELTS with Huyen. Huyen has 10 years of experience with IELTS, overall 8.5.

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